Academic Phrasebank

Academic Phrasebank

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The Academic Phrasebank is a general resource for academic writers. It aims to provide you with examples of some of the phraseological ‘nuts and bolts’ of writing organised according to the main sections of a research paper or dissertation (see the top menu ). Other phrases are listed under the more general communicative functions of academic writing (see the menu on the left). The resource should be particularly useful for writers who need to report their research work. The phrases, and the headings under which they are listed, can be used simply to assist you in thinking about the content and organisation of your own writing, or the phrases can be incorporated into your writing where this is appropriate. In most cases, a certain amount of creativity and adaptation will be necessary when a phrase is used. The items in the Academic Phrasebank are mostly content neutral and generic in nature; in using them, therefore, you are not stealing other people’s ideas and this does not constitute plagiarism. For some of the entries, specific content words have been included for illustrative purposes, and these should be substituted when the phrases are used. The resource was designed primarily for academic and scientific writers who are non-native speakers of English. However, native speaker writers may still find much of the material helpful. In fact, recent data suggest that the majority of users are native speakers of English. More about  Academic Phrasebank .

This site was created by  John Morley .  

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Glossary of Task Words

Understanding the meaning of words, especially task words, helps you to know exactly what is being asked of you. It takes you halfway towards narrowing down your material and selecting your answer.

Task words direct you and tell you how to go about answering a question. Here is a list of such words and others that you are most likely to come across frequently in your course.

Maddox, H 1967, How to Study , 2nd ed, Pan Books, London.

Marshall, L., & Rowland, F 1998, A guide to learning independently , Addison Wesley Longman, Melbourne.

Northedge, A 1997, The good study guide , Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.

Essay and assignment writing guide

Study Hacks Workshops | All the hacks you need! 13 Feb – 13 Apr 2023

The Writing Center • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Understanding Assignments

What this handout is about.

The first step in any successful college writing venture is reading the assignment. While this sounds like a simple task, it can be a tough one. This handout will help you unravel your assignment and begin to craft an effective response. Much of the following advice will involve translating typical assignment terms and practices into meaningful clues to the type of writing your instructor expects. See our short video for more tips.

Basic beginnings

Regardless of the assignment, department, or instructor, adopting these two habits will serve you well :

Assignment formats

Many assignments follow a basic format. Assignments often begin with an overview of the topic, include a central verb or verbs that describe the task, and offer some additional suggestions, questions, or prompts to get you started.

An Overview of Some Kind

The instructor might set the stage with some general discussion of the subject of the assignment, introduce the topic, or remind you of something pertinent that you have discussed in class. For example:

“Throughout history, gerbils have played a key role in politics,” or “In the last few weeks of class, we have focused on the evening wear of the housefly …”

The Task of the Assignment

Pay attention; this part tells you what to do when you write the paper. Look for the key verb or verbs in the sentence. Words like analyze, summarize, or compare direct you to think about your topic in a certain way. Also pay attention to words such as how, what, when, where, and why; these words guide your attention toward specific information. (See the section in this handout titled “Key Terms” for more information.)

“Analyze the effect that gerbils had on the Russian Revolution”, or “Suggest an interpretation of housefly undergarments that differs from Darwin’s.”

Additional Material to Think about

Here you will find some questions to use as springboards as you begin to think about the topic. Instructors usually include these questions as suggestions rather than requirements. Do not feel compelled to answer every question unless the instructor asks you to do so. Pay attention to the order of the questions. Sometimes they suggest the thinking process your instructor imagines you will need to follow to begin thinking about the topic.

“You may wish to consider the differing views held by Communist gerbils vs. Monarchist gerbils, or Can there be such a thing as ‘the housefly garment industry’ or is it just a home-based craft?”

These are the instructor’s comments about writing expectations:

“Be concise”, “Write effectively”, or “Argue furiously.”

Technical Details

These instructions usually indicate format rules or guidelines.

“Your paper must be typed in Palatino font on gray paper and must not exceed 600 pages. It is due on the anniversary of Mao Tse-tung’s death.”

The assignment’s parts may not appear in exactly this order, and each part may be very long or really short. Nonetheless, being aware of this standard pattern can help you understand what your instructor wants you to do.

Interpreting the assignment

Ask yourself a few basic questions as you read and jot down the answers on the assignment sheet:

Why did your instructor ask you to do this particular task?

Who is your audience.

What kind of writing style is acceptable?

Try to look at the question from the point of view of the instructor. Recognize that your instructor has a reason for giving you this assignment and for giving it to you at a particular point in the semester. In every assignment, the instructor has a challenge for you. This challenge could be anything from demonstrating an ability to think clearly to demonstrating an ability to use the library. See the assignment not as a vague suggestion of what to do but as an opportunity to show that you can handle the course material as directed. Paper assignments give you more than a topic to discuss—they ask you to do something with the topic. Keep reminding yourself of that. Be careful to avoid the other extreme as well: do not read more into the assignment than what is there.

Of course, your instructor has given you an assignment so that he or she will be able to assess your understanding of the course material and give you an appropriate grade. But there is more to it than that. Your instructor has tried to design a learning experience of some kind. Your instructor wants you to think about something in a particular way for a particular reason. If you read the course description at the beginning of your syllabus, review the assigned readings, and consider the assignment itself, you may begin to see the plan, purpose, or approach to the subject matter that your instructor has created for you. If you still aren’t sure of the assignment’s goals, try asking the instructor. For help with this, see our handout on getting feedback .

Given your instructor’s efforts, it helps to answer the question: What is my purpose in completing this assignment? Is it to gather research from a variety of outside sources and present a coherent picture? Is it to take material I have been learning in class and apply it to a new situation? Is it to prove a point one way or another? Key words from the assignment can help you figure this out. Look for key terms in the form of active verbs that tell you what to do.

Key Terms: Finding Those Active Verbs

Here are some common key words and definitions to help you think about assignment terms:

Information words Ask you to demonstrate what you know about the subject, such as who, what, when, where, how, and why.

Relation words Ask you to demonstrate how things are connected.

Interpretation words Ask you to defend ideas of your own about the subject. Do not see these words as requesting opinion alone (unless the assignment specifically says so), but as requiring opinion that is supported by concrete evidence. Remember examples, principles, definitions, or concepts from class or research and use them in your interpretation.

More Clues to Your Purpose As you read the assignment, think about what the teacher does in class:

Now, what about your reader? Most undergraduates think of their audience as the instructor. True, your instructor is a good person to keep in mind as you write. But for the purposes of a good paper, think of your audience as someone like your roommate: smart enough to understand a clear, logical argument, but not someone who already knows exactly what is going on in your particular paper. Remember, even if the instructor knows everything there is to know about your paper topic, he or she still has to read your paper and assess your understanding. In other words, teach the material to your reader.

Aiming a paper at your audience happens in two ways: you make decisions about the tone and the level of information you want to convey.

You’ll find a much more detailed discussion of these concepts in our handout on audience .

The Grim Truth

With a few exceptions (including some lab and ethnography reports), you are probably being asked to make an argument. You must convince your audience. It is easy to forget this aim when you are researching and writing; as you become involved in your subject matter, you may become enmeshed in the details and focus on learning or simply telling the information you have found. You need to do more than just repeat what you have read. Your writing should have a point, and you should be able to say it in a sentence. Sometimes instructors call this sentence a “thesis” or a “claim.”

So, if your instructor tells you to write about some aspect of oral hygiene, you do not want to just list: “First, you brush your teeth with a soft brush and some peanut butter. Then, you floss with unwaxed, bologna-flavored string. Finally, gargle with bourbon.” Instead, you could say, “Of all the oral cleaning methods, sandblasting removes the most plaque. Therefore it should be recommended by the American Dental Association.” Or, “From an aesthetic perspective, moldy teeth can be quite charming. However, their joys are short-lived.”

Convincing the reader of your argument is the goal of academic writing. It doesn’t have to say “argument” anywhere in the assignment for you to need one. Look at the assignment and think about what kind of argument you could make about it instead of just seeing it as a checklist of information you have to present. For help with understanding the role of argument in academic writing, see our handout on argument .

What kind of evidence do you need?

There are many kinds of evidence, and what type of evidence will work for your assignment can depend on several factors–the discipline, the parameters of the assignment, and your instructor’s preference. Should you use statistics? Historical examples? Do you need to conduct your own experiment? Can you rely on personal experience? See our handout on evidence for suggestions on how to use evidence appropriately.

Make sure you are clear about this part of the assignment, because your use of evidence will be crucial in writing a successful paper. You are not just learning how to argue; you are learning how to argue with specific types of materials and ideas. Ask your instructor what counts as acceptable evidence. You can also ask a librarian for help. No matter what kind of evidence you use, be sure to cite it correctly—see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial .

You cannot always tell from the assignment just what sort of writing style your instructor expects. The instructor may be really laid back in class but still expect you to sound formal in writing. Or the instructor may be fairly formal in class and ask you to write a reflection paper where you need to use “I” and speak from your own experience.

Try to avoid false associations of a particular field with a style (“art historians like wacky creativity,” or “political scientists are boring and just give facts”) and look instead to the types of readings you have been given in class. No one expects you to write like Plato—just use the readings as a guide for what is standard or preferable to your instructor. When in doubt, ask your instructor about the level of formality she or he expects.

No matter what field you are writing for or what facts you are including, if you do not write so that your reader can understand your main idea, you have wasted your time. So make clarity your main goal. For specific help with style, see our handout on style .

Technical details about the assignment

The technical information you are given in an assignment always seems like the easy part. This section can actually give you lots of little hints about approaching the task. Find out if elements such as page length and citation format (see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial ) are negotiable. Some professors do not have strong preferences as long as you are consistent and fully answer the assignment. Some professors are very specific and will deduct big points for deviations.

Usually, the page length tells you something important: The instructor thinks the size of the paper is appropriate to the assignment’s parameters. In plain English, your instructor is telling you how many pages it should take for you to answer the question as fully as you are expected to. So if an assignment is two pages long, you cannot pad your paper with examples or reword your main idea several times. Hit your one point early, defend it with the clearest example, and finish quickly. If an assignment is ten pages long, you can be more complex in your main points and examples—and if you can only produce five pages for that assignment, you need to see someone for help—as soon as possible.

Tricks that don’t work

Your instructors are not fooled when you:

Critical reading of assignments leads to skills in other types of reading and writing. If you get good at figuring out what the real goals of assignments are, you are going to be better at understanding the goals of all of your classes and fields of study.

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5 tips on writing better university assignments

university assignment words

Lecturer in Student Learning and Communication Development, University of Sydney

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University life comes with its share of challenges. One of these is writing longer assignments that require higher information, communication and critical thinking skills than what you might have been used to in high school. Here are five tips to help you get ahead.

1. Use all available sources of information

Beyond instructions and deadlines, lecturers make available an increasing number of resources. But students often overlook these.

For example, to understand how your assignment will be graded, you can examine the rubric . This is a chart indicating what you need to do to obtain a high distinction, a credit or a pass, as well as the course objectives – also known as “learning outcomes”.

Other resources include lecture recordings, reading lists, sample assignments and discussion boards. All this information is usually put together in an online platform called a learning management system (LMS). Examples include Blackboard , Moodle , Canvas and iLearn . Research shows students who use their LMS more frequently tend to obtain higher final grades.

If after scrolling through your LMS you still have questions about your assignment, you can check your lecturer’s consultation hours.

2. Take referencing seriously

Plagiarism – using somebody else’s words or ideas without attribution – is a serious offence at university. It is a form of cheating.

Hands on a keyboard using the Ctrl C copy function

In many cases, though, students are unaware they have cheated. They are simply not familiar with referencing styles – such as APA , Harvard , Vancouver , Chicago , etc – or lack the skills to put the information from their sources into their own words.

To avoid making this mistake, you may approach your university’s library, which is likely to offer face-to-face workshops or online resources on referencing. Academic support units may also help with paraphrasing.

You can also use referencing management software, such as EndNote or Mendeley . You can then store your sources, retrieve citations and create reference lists with only a few clicks. For undergraduate students, Zotero has been recommended as it seems to be more user-friendly.

Using this kind of software will certainly save you time searching for and formatting references. However, you still need to become familiar with the citation style in your discipline and revise the formatting accordingly.

3. Plan before you write

If you were to build a house, you wouldn’t start by laying bricks at random. You’d start with a blueprint. Likewise, writing an academic paper requires careful planning: you need to decide the number of sections, their organisation, and the information and sources you will include in each.

Research shows students who prepare detailed outlines produce higher-quality texts. Planning will not only help you get better grades, but will also reduce the time you spend staring blankly at the screen thinking about what to write next.

Young woman sitting at desk with laptop and checking notes for assignment

During the planning stage, using programs like OneNote from Microsoft Office or Outline for Mac can make the task easier as they allow you to organise information in tabs. These bits of information can be easily rearranged for later drafting. Navigating through the tabs is also easier than scrolling through a long Word file.

4. Choose the right words

Which of these sentences is more appropriate for an assignment?

a. “This paper talks about why the planet is getting hotter”, or b. “This paper examines the causes of climate change”.

The written language used at university is more formal and technical than the language you normally use in social media or while chatting with your friends. Academic words tend to be longer and their meaning is also more precise. “Climate change” implies more than just the planet “getting hotter”.

To find the right words, you can use SkELL , which shows you the words that appear more frequently, with your search entry categorised grammatically. For example, if you enter “paper”, it will tell you it is often the subject of verbs such as “present”, “describe”, “examine” and “discuss”.

Another option is the Writefull app, which does a similar job without having to use an online browser.

5. Edit and proofread

If you’re typing the last paragraph of the assignment ten minutes before the deadline, you will be missing a very important step in the writing process: editing and proofreading your text. A 2018 study found a group of university students did significantly better in a test after incorporating the process of planning, drafting and editing in their writing.

Hand holding red pen to edit paper.

You probably already know to check the spelling of a word if it appears underlined in red. You may even use a grammar checker such as Grammarly . However, no software to date can detect every error and it is not uncommon to be given inaccurate suggestions.

So, in addition to your choice of proofreader, you need to improve and expand your grammar knowledge. Check with the academic support services at your university if they offer any relevant courses.

Written communication is a skill that requires effort and dedication. That’s why universities are investing in support services – face-to-face workshops, individual consultations, and online courses – to help students in this process. You can also take advantage of a wide range of web-based resources such as spell checkers, vocabulary tools and referencing software – many of them free.

Improving your written communication will help you succeed at university and beyond.

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Use These Sentence Starter Tips to Strengthen Your Writing

Matt Ellis

In general, a sentence starter is a quick word or phrase at the beginning of a sentence to help the reader transition, such as the phrase “in general.” Without them, writing can be disorganized, disconnected, and therefore hard to read. But knowing which ones to add—and when —is not always obvious. 

In this article, we discuss sentence starters quite similar to “in this article.” We explain a bit about when and how to use them, and then give specific examples of sentence starters you can use in your writing, divided into categories for quick reference like “topic sentence starters for essays” or “good sentence starters for emphasis.” 

Here’s a tip: Want to make sure your writing shines? Grammarly can check your spelling and save you from grammar and punctuation mistakes. It even proofreads your text, so your work is extra polished wherever you write.

Your writing, at its best Grammarly helps strengthen your academic writing Write with Grammarly

What is a sentence starter?

Sentence starters are the words or phrases that introduce the rest of the sentence, typically set apart by commas. The words that start a sentence are some of the most important in writing: They introduce what the sentence is about so the reader knows what to expect. 

In longer academic writing texts, sentence starters are essential for unifying the entire work. Because each sentence essentially has its own individual topic, these writings frequently jump from point to point, sometimes abruptly. Sentence starters help ease the process for the reader by smoothing over jarring transitions and preparing the reader for the next topic. 

That principle also applies to paragraphs , which jump from topic to topic. Paragraph starters fulfill that same role, typically providing an organizational signpost via introduction sentence starters to bridge the gap between the previous and current topics. 

Although they’re common in fiction, sentence starters are most useful for nonfiction, in particular essay writing . While fiction unifies the writing through the narrative, nonfiction often incorporates a variety of facts, which sentence starters coalesce for the reader. In other words, if you think nonfiction is dry, imagine if it were merely a list of facts! 

When to use sentence starters

Sentence starters are not necessary for every sentence. In fact, using them too much can distract your reader. Here are some situations where a sentence starter works best: 

There’s no hard rule for when to use sentence starters and when to avoid them. If you’re having trouble deciding, try rereading your last few lines and see how they sound. If your sentences flow together nicely, you don’t need sentence starters. If something seems off, jarring, or missing, try adding one to see if it helps. 

Below you’ll find examples of sentence starters relevant to specific contexts.

Topic sentence starters for essays

Topic sentences are like the sentence starters of an entire essay—they introduce what the paragraph or entire text is about so the readers know what to expect. 

Conclusion sentence starters for essays

Conclusions and summaries always act a little differently than other sentences and paragraphs because they don’t present new information. When you’re writing a conclusion , remember that sentence starters can cue the reader that you’re about to “wrap things up” so they don’t expect any new points or evidence. 

Good sentence starters for sequences or lists

Sentence starters are quite useful for lists of instructions or explaining a series of events. These items aren’t always related in obvious ways, but sentence starters link them together, and in the right order, so that your reader can organize them properly in their head. 

Good sentence starters for comparisons

Use sentence starters to show that two things are related or alike. Although the topics may be similar to yours, your reader may not yet understand the connection. 

Good sentence starters for elaboration or adding new points

For times when one sentence isn’t enough to fully explain your point, adding sentence starters to the subsequent sentences can tie them all together. 

Good sentence starters for introducing examples

Especially for essays, you want to use evidence to support your claims. Sentence starters ease the transition from explaining the big picture to showing those same ideas at work in the real world. 

Good sentence starters for contrasts and abrupt transitions

Sentence starters work best at times when you must change topics abruptly. Without them, the text becomes jarring and scattered, so use them to keep your reader on the right path, especially when contrasting topics. 

Good sentence starters to establish cause and effect

It’s common to use two different sentences to discuss a cause-and-effect relationship, as in something making something else happen. Sentence starters can make this relationship clear and show which sentence is the cause and which is the effect. 

Good sentence starters for emphasis

In some situations, sentence starters aren’t necessary, but they help make a point stand out. Save these for the sentences you really want your readers to remember above all else. 

Good sentence starters for references

If you’re citing an idea other than your own, like in research papers, it saves space to put the attribution in the words to start a sentence. Use these sentence starters before a quote or concept from another work. 

Good sentence starters for historical or generally accepted concepts

Some sentences don’t make sense without context. This could be a popular, mainstream idea that the reader is unaware of, or some historical background that is not common knowledge. In these instances, sentence starters can provide that context without becoming a tangent. 

Good sentence starters to show uncertainty or doubt

If you’re writing about facts, your reader will assume everything you write is a fact. In situations where something is unproven or uncertain, it helps to mention that there’s room for doubt so as not to misinform the reader. 

Ensure your sentences flow

In addition to using strong sentence starters, you want your entire essay to read smoothly and coherently. Grammarly can help. Our writing suggestions flag confusing sentences and provide feedback on how to make your writing clearer, helping you put your best ideas forward.

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Words to use in an assignment

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   Using Appropriate Words in an Academic Assignment

Main Considerations When Working on Your College Paper

It is important to think carefully about the choice of words while developing an academic essay. Needless to say, with the help of the words to use in an assignment, you will have a better chance to submit an A+ paper. Apart from that, if you choose the appropriate vocabulary, you will make a written paper more convincing for the target audience. In turn, your readers may be confused regarding the content of your college assignment. That’s the reason why you should pay significant attention to the issue of word choice. We also suggest reading  how to do a 500 word assignment . 

Don’t waste your time! Order your assignment!

It is a well-known fact that some words that you may use in your everyday speech are not appropriate to be used in an academic writing assignment.

In most cases, the concept of formal vocabulary implies avoidance of using the contractions, slang words, abbreviations, colloquialisms, and clichés. Another critical recommendation is to use strong words rather than the phrasal ones. In addition, you should have a certain knowledge of some specific verbs that can be found in the following section of this publication.

In this case, you are required to be precise and concise in order to submit a good academic writing assignment. Hence, consider the use of prepositions, suffixes, and prefixes while writing your college paper.

Usually, transitions play a significant role in developing a good college paper. All the transitional words are used with the aim to make the text coherent as well as help the readers follow the author’s flow of thought. The transitional words can also be regarded as the linking words to use in assignment, and they are discussed in the following part of this particular publication.

In this case, make sure that you have a good knowledge of verbs that are commonly confused. Below you can find the examples of such verbs.

a) Suspect/ Doubt

Suspect means “imagine or suppose something to be true.”

For instance, “Although everyone believes him, I suspect that he is lying.”

Doubt means “disbelieve, question, or lack of confidence in something.”

For instance, “I doubt she is telling you the truth.”

b) Access/ assess

Access means “be able to approach, use, or enter something.”

For instance, “At present, the majority of people have access to the Internet.”

Assess means “to fix a value or to evaluate”.

For instance, “It is required to assess the existing phenomena.”

c) Personal/ Personnel

Personal is an adjective that means “private or individual.”

For instance, “He was famous for his personal influence.”

Personnel is a noun that means “people employed in an organization, business, or service.”

For instance, “It is highly recommended to boost the self-esteem of the company’s personnel.”

Key Verbs Used in Your Writing Assignment

The list of keywords to use in assignment includes: to analyze, to compare, to contrast, to criticize, to define, to examine, to evaluate, to illustrate, to review, and to summarize.

Linking Words Used in an Academic Writing

First of all, it is important to mention that linking words are used to join clauses, sentences, and even paragraphs. As a result, you have a great chance to submit a coherent paper.

In general, all the transition words can be divided into four main groups: enumeration, addition, transition, and summary.

This group includes all the words to use in assignment that imply cataloging of everything said by the author.

For example: First, furthermore, moreover, to begin with, firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally, to conclude, first and foremost, last but not least, and so on.

Reinforcement: above all, indeed, actually, in addition, additionally, moreover, again, not only…but also, also notably, as well (as), obviously, besides, particularly, especially, specifically, further, then, furthermore, too, what is more, and so on.

Comparison: also, in the same way, both . . . and…, likewise, correspondingly, similarly, equally, too.

These words usually lead to a new stage of the author’s thought.

For instance: now, regarding, turning to, with respect/regard to.

The list of these transitional words implies the generalization of everything said in the previous sections of a certain paper.

For instance: altogether, then, hence, therefore, in brief, thus, in conclusion, to conclude, in short, to sum up, overall, to summarize.

General Tips: How to Write in an Academic Style

a) create an objective and confident voice;

Any academic writing implies the objectiveness. Hence, you are highly recommended to use the third person while writing your research paper.

For instance, “This research shows that…”, “It can be concluded that…”, “It can be justified that…”, “The research shows the importance of…”.

Another critical tip is to consider the use of tenses. It is highly important to give the readers a clear understanding of the issues happened in the past as well as of the events happened in the past that have a certain impact on the present.

b) use appropriate language for your target audience;

It is common knowledge that academic writing should have a certain element of formality. Hence, you should choose your vocabulary carefully while writing a college paper.

– Avoid using contractions;

Contractions are considered to be the main feature of informal writing. Hence, you should avoid using such words as “don’t,” “shouldn’t,” “needn’t,” and the others in your academic writing. However, there are some cases when you may use contractions in your college paper:

– Attempt to use full forms of words;

Do not use the words like “TV,” “quote,” or “memo.” Instead of using these short forms, you have to write “television,” “quotation,” or “memorandum.”

The important thing that should be mentioned is the fact that the issue of objectivity includes the avoidance of using taboo words, stereotypes, generalizations, and assumptions. Apart from that, while writing a college paper, you should use the neutral language (e.g. “police officer” instead of “policeman,” “humankind” instead of “mankind,” etc

Related assignments:

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Assignments usually ask you to demonstrate that you have immersed yourself in the course material and that you've done some thinking on your own; questions not treated at length in class often serve as assignments. Fortunately, if you've put the time into getting to know the material, then you've almost certainly begun thinking independently. In responding to assignments, keep in mind the following advice.

Understanding some key words commonly used in assignments also may simplify your task. Toward this end, let's take a look at two seemingly impenetrable instructions: "discuss" and "analyze."

1. Discuss the role of gender in bringing about the French Revolution.

A weak discussion essay in response to the question above might simply list a few aspects of the Revolution—the image of Liberty, the executions of the King and Marie Antoinette, the cry "Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite!" —and make separate comments about how each, being "gendered," is therefore a powerful political force. Such an essay would offer no original thesis, but instead restate the question asked in the assignment (i.e., "The role of gender was very important in the French Revolution" or "Gender did not play a large role in the French Revolution").

In a strong discussion essay, the thesis would go beyond a basic restatement of the assignment question. You might test the similarities and differences of the revolutionary aspects being discussed. You might draw on fresh or unexpected evidence, perhaps using as a source an intriguing reading that was only briefly touched upon in lecture.

2. Analyze two of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, including one not discussed in class, as literary works and in terms of sources/analogues.

The words "analyze" and "analysis" may seem to denote highly advanced, even arcane skills, possessed in virtual monopoly by mathematicians and scientists. Happily, the terms refer to mental activity we all perform regularly; the terms just need decoding. "Analyze" means two things in this specific assignment prompt.

Analysis involves both a set of observations about the composition or workings of your subject and a critical approach that keeps you from noticing just anything—from excessive listing or summarizing—and instead leads you to construct an interpretation, using textual evidence to support your ideas.

Some Final Advice

If, having read the assignment carefully, you're still confused by it, don't hesitate to ask for clarification from your instructor. He or she may be able to elucidate the question or to furnish some sample responses to the assignment. Knowing the expectations of an assignment can help when you're feeling puzzled. Conversely, knowing the boundaries can head off trouble if you're contemplating an unorthodox approach. In either case, before you go to your instructor, it's a good idea to list, underline or circle the specific places in the assignment where the language makes you feel uncertain.

William C. Rice, for the Writing Center at Harvard University

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Formatting and presenting assessments

Formatting and presenting your assessments correctly is important because many include marks for presentation.

This may include marks for things such as:

Before you start on your assessment:

General guidelines for electronic submissions

Most assessments need a title page, which should include:

Centre this information on the page, starting approximately one-third of the way down the page.

For more help with figures and tables, check:

Get more help with tables  and figures – APA  Style website

Headers and footers

Insert a header or footer on each page (except the title page). It should contain:

Reference list

The reference list comes at the end of the assessment and should start on a new page labelled 'References'.

Need more help with reference lists? Check out the guides below:

Quick referencing APA guidelines  (PDF 47 KB; opens in a new window)

Guide to APA referencing  (PDF 395.11 KB; opens in a new window)

Appendices are used for information that:

Start each appendix (if applicable) on a new page. If there's just one appendix label it ‘Appendix’ without a number. If there is more than one, label them Appendix A, Appendix B, and so on.

In the main text of your assessment, refer to the Appendix by the label – for example, Appendix A.

Tops and bottoms of pages

Check the top and bottom of your pages to ensure they avoid:

General guidelines for hard copies

Most of the guidelines above also apply to hard copies (printed or handwritten documents).

If your course requires or allows handwritten assessments, be sure to follow the course instructions on presenting handwritten assessments.

Word limits and word count guidelines 

Word limits support the development of concise writing skills. Word count guidelines help you to understand the expectation of workload for an assessment.

 For more detailed information about these go to:

Word limits and word count guidelines  

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Written assignments

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Improving your submissions

Use our resources to develop your writing style, assignment structure and understanding of key words, you'll submit written assignments throughout your studies. this might include essays, bibliographies, literary reviews and reports depending on your course. .

These pages cover some of the skills you'll use during your written assignments. You can use these resources throughout your studies to develop your writing style and improve your coursework.  

Improve your writing

Academic writing style.

Males students studying notes

Writing clear sentences

CCI Facilities; June 2019

Writing: flow and coherence

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Better essays: paraphrasing

RAO-0419-Ambassadors

Commonly confused words and improving vocabulary

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Commas and its

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Acronyms and initials: how to use apostrophes and plurals

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Structure your work

Basic essay structure.

Postgrad students taking notes and planning essay

Paragraphs main body of an assessment

Female student working on essay

Basic data interpretation

university assignment words

Better Essays: Signposting

Students taking notes together

Proofreading

university assignment words

Understand your assignments

Essays: task words.

Student working on essay in library

Dissertation Tips

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Reports and essays: key differences

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Reflective writing introduction

Student studying in library

Key features of academic reports

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Experimental laboratory reports in engineering

Female engineering student smiling

How to write better university assignments

HOW TO WRITE

University life comes with its share of challenges. One of these is how to write longer assignments that require higher information, communication and critical thinking skills than what you might have been used to in high school. Here are five tips to help you get ahead.

1. Step one on how to write: Use all available sources of information

Beyond instructions and deadlines, lecturers make available an increasing number of resources. But students often overlook these.

For example, to understand how your assignment will be graded, you can examine the rubric . This is a chart indicating what you need to do to obtain a high distinction, a credit or a pass, as well as the course objectives – also known as “learning outcomes”.

Other resources include lecture recordings, reading lists, sample assignments and discussion boards. All this information is usually put together in an online platform called a learning management system (LMS). Examples include Blackboard , Moodle , Canvas and iLearn . Research shows students who use their LMS more frequently tend to obtain higher final grades.

If after scrolling through your LMS you still have questions about your assignment, you can check your lecturer’s consultation hours.

2. Take referencing seriously

Plagiarism – using somebody else’s words or ideas without attribution – is a serious offence at university. It is a form of cheating.

Hands on a keyboard using the Ctrl C copy function

It’s so easy to copy and paste sentences, but using someone else’s words without attribution is a serious offence in the academic world. Source: Shutterstock

In many cases, though, students are unaware they have cheated. They are simply not familiar with referencing styles – such as APA , Harvard , Vancouver , Chicago , etc – or lack the skills to put the information from their sources into their own words.

To avoid making this mistake, you may approach your university’s library, which is likely to offer face-to-face workshops or online resources on referencing. Academic support units may also help with paraphrasing.

You can also use referencing management software, such as EndNote or Mendeley . You can then store your sources, retrieve citations and create reference lists with only a few clicks. For undergraduate students, Zotero has been recommended as it seems to be more user-friendly.

Using this kind of software will certainly save you time searching for and formatting references. However, you still need to become familiar with the citation style in your discipline and revise the formatting accordingly.

3. Plan before you write

If you were to build a house, you wouldn’t start by laying bricks at random. You’d start with a blueprint. Likewise, writing an academic paper requires careful planning: you need to decide the number of sections, their organisation, and the information and sources you will include in each.

Research shows students who prepare detailed outlines produce higher-quality texts. Planning will not only help you get better grades, but will also reduce the time you spend staring blankly at the screen thinking about what to write next.

Young woman sitting at desk with laptop and checking notes for assignment

Spend some time planning your assignment before you start writing. Research shows it does pay off. Source: Shutterstock

During the planning stage, using programmes like OneNote from Microsoft Office or Outline for Mac can make the task easier as they allow you to organise information in tabs. These bits of information can be easily rearranged for later drafting. Navigating through the tabs is also easier than scrolling through a long Word file.

4. Choose the right words

Which of these sentences is more appropriate for an assignment?

a. “This paper talks about why the planet is getting hotter”, or b. “This paper examines the causes of climate change”.

The written language used at university is more formal and technical than the language you normally use in social media or while chatting with your friends. Academic words tend to be longer and their meaning is also more precise. “Climate change” implies more than just the planet “getting hotter”.

To find the right words, you can use SkELL , which shows you the words that appear more frequently, with your search entry categorised grammatically. For example, if you enter “paper”, it will tell you it is often the subject of verbs such as “present”, “describe”, “examine” and “discuss”.

Another option is the Writefull app, which does a similar job without having to use an online browser.

5. Edit and proofread

If you’re typing the last paragraph of the assignment ten minutes before the deadline, you will be missing a very important step in the writing process: editing and proofreading your text. A 2018 study found a group of university students did significantly better in a test after incorporating the process of planning, drafting and editing in their writing.

Hand holding red pen to edit paper.

Plan to give yourself time to read through and check your assignment. Assessors are not impressed by obvious careless mistakes. Source: Shutterstock

You probably already know to check the spelling of a word if it appears underlined in red. You may even use a grammar checker such as Grammarly . However, no software to date can detect every error and it is not uncommon to be given inaccurate suggestions.

So, in addition to your choice of proofreader, you need to improve and expand your grammar knowledge. Check with the academic support services at your university if they offer any relevant courses.

Written communication is a skill that requires effort and dedication. That’s why universities are investing in support services – face-to-face workshops, individual consultations, and online courses – to help students in this process. You can also take advantage of a wide range of web-based resources such as spell checkers, vocabulary tools and referencing software – many of them free.

Improving your written communication will help you succeed at university and beyond.

By Alexandra Garcia , Lecturer in Student Learning and Communication Development, University of Sydney

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Project Management Assignment

How to write a Report for University Assignment

Many university assignments require a ‘report’ instead of an essay, and students are sometimes unclear as to what this entails. The writing tone, the style to choose, the length of the report, and other considerations all cause confusion. Do you need help writing a report for a university assignment? This write-up seeks to clarify all these confusions and provide you with some key features for writing a good report. Don’t worry if you’re not sure how to write a report for a university assignment. Because you can receive university assignment help from Assignment Studio, one of the world’s leading Assignment Writing Services UK.

Table of Contents

What is the definition of a report?

A report is essentially a brief and concise document created for a specific purpose and audience. It usually lays out and analyses a scenario or problem, with ideas for future recommendations frequently included. It’s a fact-based paper that needs to be well-organized and concise.

Reports and essays have some overlap in academics, and the two terms are occasionally used interchangeably. Reports are more commonly used in business, science, and technology, as well as in the workplace. On the other hand, an essay focuses on arguments and reasoning, whereas a report focuses on facts.

What is the Best Way to Write a Report for University Assignment?

You may believe that all you need to write a report is a pen and a piece of paper. To perform this task successfully, you must possess a set of abilities. A report’s format is critical for leading the reader through your thought process to a course of action or decision. It’s worthwhile to spend some time planning ahead of time.

Step 1: Understand your brief

First and foremost, carefully consider your brief, ensuring that you understand who the report is for (who it is supposed to be written for), why you’re writing it, and what you want the reader to do after reading it: perhaps make a decision or agree on a recommendation.

Step 2: Keep your brief in mind while writing a report

All of your thoughts must be concentrated on your brief, which may necessitate critical reading and thinking. Anything that isn’t necessary should be discarded. Try to organize your reading and research into sections by theme, as if you were writing a literature review. Keep track of your references, especially if you’re doing academic work. Although reference is less crucial in the business reports, it is still important to be able to back up any claims you make, so keeping track of your sources of information is beneficial.

A report is a document in which you provide the results of your study and analysis of data or an issue, as well as recommendations and proposals. Always keep the reader in mind when producing a report. Use a recognizable framework and be clear, concise, and accurate.

Writing a Report for a University Assignment: The Basic Structure

A title page, summary, table of contents, introduction, main body, conclusion and recommendations, references, and appendices are all common steps of reports. Read the brief descriptions below to better understand these stages.

The title of the report should briefly define what it is about. Clear, concise, and content-related.

An excellent report should have a summary that is around a page and a half long. The primary features that should be included in a summary are the report’s core ideas, the analysis methodologies utilized, findings, and conclusions/recommendations. It’s critical to make this section clear from the start of the report so that your teacher understands what you’re doing.

A list of chapters/subsections with headlines and page numbers should be displayed on a page of your report. Make this guide beneficial for your readers by allowing them to quickly discover what they’re looking for, whether it’s the findings or the research methodology chapters.

The introduction defines the report’s purpose and scope. This section provides important background information to help the reader grasp the report’s context. It concentrates on, and perhaps defines, any essential keywords. It should also describe the report’s structure.

The main body contains the description and relevant data. The primary body of a report should be split into parts under headings such as Discussion, Methods, Results, Data, and Findings, and should include all related material needed to fulfil the report’s goal. Subheadings are a possibility. Normally, you’ll have to come up with your own headings that are relevant to your report. Evidence and examples should be utilized to back up your claims where possible.

The conclusion summarizes the report’s main points in a few sentences. The purpose of the report, as indicated in the introduction, should be referenced in the conclusion. At this point, no additional information should be introduced.

Any sources that have influenced your response should be cited. References for an open university (OU) tutor-marked assignments (TMA) must include references to course content as well as any external sources used.

Appendices may be requested to supplement your response. Appendices should be referenced in the main body of the text; otherwise, it will be unclear why they are included.

Some details may vary depending on the type of report you’re writing. It could be a study report, a construction report, or a laboratory report. As a result, double-check your assignment guidelines and learning objectives. If you’re still unsure, get help from Assignment studio’s Assignments Writing Service UK . 

Linguistic Usage in Writing a Report for a University Assignment

Writing style

In a report, the word “I” should be replaced by “we” or “one.” Make sure your sentences aren’t too long. It’s easy to read short sentences. Many clauses and double denials should be avoided because they induce confusion. Make use of punctuation marks correctly.

Avoid spelling, linguistic, and typing problems when preparing the report. Before submitting the report, run it through a spell checker and read it well. Only use official spelling, and if in a doubt, use a dictionary.

Get Assignment Help UK from Assignment Studio

On the internet, there are several Assignment Writing Services UK. Their goal is to provide university students with reliable, authentic, and high-quality Assignment Help UK. Students who use these services have poor writing skills, which is why they hire Assignment Writing Services UK to help them get top grades. As a top-notch assignment writing website, Assignment Studio has a number of outstanding features.

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Home / Blog / 15 foolproof tips for writing a great assignment

15 foolproof tips for writing a great assignment

15th Aug 2015

Student advice

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If you’re the kind of person that only has to hear the word “assignment” and immediately has flashbacks to stuffy classrooms, ticking clocks and staring a blank page for hours….DON’T PANIC.

Our 15 foolproof tips for writing a great assignment will guide you to success.

Before you start…

1. do your reading.

Your course or module will have a reading list; make sure you actually use it! Your tutors choose texts to specifically help with your assignments and modules, and you’ll gain some valuable insights into the topic that are sure to make writing your assignment easier.

Expert tip:  If you have the time, do some reading from other sources not on your list to back up your argument.

2. Check the deadline

There’s nothing worse than scheduling time to sit down and write then glancing at the calendar and realising you’ve only got a few days left. Double-checking the deadline means you’ll have no nasty surprises.

Expert tip:  There are many apps out there that can add a ‘countdown’ to your phone or tablet. Use these to keep your assignment deadline front of mind.

3. Plan your time

Finding time to write is easier said than done, but if you break your time down into manageable chunks you’ll find it’s much easier to keep on top of your workload. Try scheduling mini-deadlines along the way (e.g. aim to have the first section done by a certain day) to keep your momentum going.

Expert tip:  Be realistic about the time you have spare, and the time you’re willing to give up. If you schedule a writing session at 9 p.m. on Friday evening when you’d rather be relaxing, chances are you won’t get anything done.

4. Ask for help (if you need it)

If there’s any doubt in your mind about the question or the requirements of the assignment, ask your tutor. It’s better to start right than have to re-write in the last few days.

Expert tip:  Remember, your tutor wants you to do well. He or she will not be annoyed if you need to ask a few questions.

5. Plan your assignment structure

Before you start, it can help to create a basic assignment structure. This can be as detailed as you like but the basic structure should contain your introduction points, your key arguments and points, and your planned conclusion.

Expert tip:  Try writing out your plan on sticky notes. These will allow you to rearrange your arguments and points easily as your plan develops.

As you’re writing…

6. introduction.

You wouldn’t start a conversation without introducing yourself; your assignment is the same. Your first paragraph should introduce your key argument, add a bit of context and the key issues of the question, and then go on to explain how you plan to answer it.

Expert tip:  Some people find it easier to write their introduction after they’ve finished the rest of their assignment. Give it a try!

7. Structure your argument

As you write the body of your assignment, make sure that each point you make has some supporting evidence. Use statistics or quotes you gathered during your reading to support your argument, or even as something to argue against.

Expert tip:  If you’re using a lot of different sources, it’s easy to forget to add them to your reference list. Make things easier for yourself by writing it as you go along.

8. Conclusion

Your conclusion is your final chance to summarise your argument and leave a lasting impression with your reader. Make sure you recap the key points and arguments you made in your assignment, including supporting evidence if needed.

Expert tip:  Make sure that you don’t introduce any new ideas in your conclusion; this section is purely for summarising your previous arguments.

9. Getting over writer’s block

Struggling to write? There’s nothing more frustrating than putting aside time to write and then just staring at a blank page. Luckily, there are lots of thing to try to get you inspired: a change of scenery, putting on some music, writing another section of the essay or just taking a short break.

Expert tip:  If you find yourself unable to write, try to use your time to read ahead or re-read what you’ve already written.

10. Make sure you use your ‘essay voice’

While each university, school or each college will probably have its own style guide, you should always use a neutral and professional tone when writing an assignment. Try to avoid slang, overly-familiar phrases and definitely don’t use text-speak!

Expert tip:  If you’re not sure about a phrase or word, search for it online to see what other publications use it. If it’s in a dictionary or used by a national newspaper it’s probably OK to use in your assignment.

After you finish…

11. get a little distance.

If you’ve got time (and you should have if you managed to stick to your schedule!), put your first draft aside for a day or two before re-reading it. This will give you time to step back and read your assignment objectively, making it easier to spot mistakes and issues.

Expert tip:  If you find it easier to review on paper, print out your assignment with double-line spacing to accommodate your notes and corrections.

12. Make sure you’ve answered the question

As you’re reading through your first draft of your assignment, check that all your points are relevant to the original question. It’s easy to drift off on a tangent when you’re in mid-flow.

Expert tip:  Read each paragraph and consider it on its own merit as to whether it answers the question, and also to check that it contributes to your overall argument.

13. Don’t be afraid to cut text out

Sometimes, when you’ve struggled to reach a word count it can be hard to remove text that you’ve slaved over. But if a piece of text isn’t supporting your argument then it doesn’t have a place in your assignment.

Expert tip:  With word processing software, the ‘Track Changes’ feature allows you to edit text without losing it forever. And if you realise later that you’ve made a mistake, just reject the change.

14. Check and double-check your spelling

Nothing can give a bad impression as quickly as a spelling mistake. Errors are distracting, look unprofessional and in the worst case they can undermine your argument. If you’re unsure about the correct use of a word, look it up online or use an alternative that you’re more comfortable with.

Expert tip:  While you’re running your spell-checker, check your word count too. You’re usually allowed to deviate by 10% above or below the assignment word count, but check with your institution’s guidelines.

15. Cite your sources

References and creating a bibliography are key skills that you unfortunately have to master when writing an assignment. Check your institution’s guidelines before you start to make sure you’re including all the information you need.

Expert tip:  Some eBooks have a citation feature that automatically collates all the information you need for your bibliography.

Want to apply these skills? Download a prospectus to choose your course!

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Writing Center Home Page

Undergraduate Writing: Understanding the Assignment

Introduction

Common writing terms, related resources.

Analyze = explain a multifaceted text or idea by breaking it into its parts.

Example: Analyze the relationship between hand sanitizer and disease transmission in hospitals.

Tips: Remember to state what the relationship is, but also why . The why involves critical thinking to determine all the factors in the scenario.

Assess or evaluate = determine the significance or value of something by examining it closely.

Example: Evaluate whether hand sanitizer decreases disease transmission.

Tips: Come to an overall, educated opinion on the issue based on course readings, other research, and reasoning. Write a thesis statement at the beginning of your paper to tell the reader what that opinion is.

Compare and contrast = to examine two items to discover similarities and differences.

Example : Compare and contrast three brands of hand sanitizer for effectiveness and cost.

Tips : To provide a well-rounded comparison, give equal attention to the similarities and the differences. Follow our compare/contrast guidelines before submission.

Paraphrase =  restate a passage in your own words.

Example : Paraphrase the CDC's recent announcement on the use of hand sanitizer.

Tips : It can be tempting to directly quote the statement, but paraphrasing builds your academic skills. Read the announcement carefully and then open a new document on your computer. Without looking back, reword the announcement using your own vocabulary. Finally, compare yours to the original.

Reflect =  think about an idea deeply and consider its impact.

Example : Reflect on your own use of hand sanitizer in the medical profession.

Tips : You might find that sitting in a quiet place, away from the computer, allows you to think easier. Even if you are reflecting on a bad situation in your workplace, remain neutral and objective when writing about the incident. 

Summarize =  express the main points of a reading in a shorter form.

Example : Summarize Chapter 3 of your course text on disease transmission.

Tips : While reading, pay attention to the who, what, why, where, and how in the text. It could be helpful to take notes or highlight the important information that jumps out at you.

Support your work/ideas =  justify your point of view by providing evidence.

Tips : Evidence can come in the form of statistics, examples, or other research. Such evidence is usually accompanied by a citation crediting the original source.

Once you understand the assignment instructions, jot down each component or outline the paper. Keep these tools handy as you write.

Still unsure what a word or concept means? Look it up in Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary .

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Experts Tips on College Assignment Formats & Structure with Examples

The first thing that every student should consider while beginning any assignment is a complete understanding of the assignment format. Depending upon the type of the assignment its structure and formatting requirements vary. Students are generally given guidelines from their professors regarding the assignment formatting such as file format, font, layout, word count, referencing style, headers, footers, numbering and heading requirements. In case you have no idea what should be the structure of your assignment, the following article presents some common assignment formats with examples.

Basic Structure Elements of an Assignment

Our online assignment help experts always suggest the students to at least maintain the generalized structure of the assignment if their instructor has not specified any format. A university assignment typically comprises of the following six sections. Along with these, there can be certain presentation schemes to be followed such as providing a proper referencing format, leaving adequate margins, line spacing, page numbers, and font style and font size.

Also Read: Assignment Cover Sheet Sample and Templates

Research Paper Assignment Format

A research paper is divided into the following parts:

The presentation of the research paper is based on the referencing format suggested by your college instructor. For instance, if you are using MLA referencing format you will name the source page as ‘Works Cited” while in case of APA format you will name it as ‘References”. Below you can find a sample MLA assignment format.

Research Paper Assignment Format

Essay Assignment Format

An essay consists of the following five parts. Below them, you can find a sample template elaborating the significance of each section.

You should always keep this basic format in mind while preparing your college essays. In this way, you will be able to divide your content accordingly. Each paragraph of an essay can also be divided into three parts namely, the topic sentence of the paragraph, the supporting details and the conclusion statement.

Essay Assignment Format

Project Report Assignment Format

A project report is generally a compulsory academic assignment for students. Most of the university professors prefer that the report should be written as per an academic standard. A project report has the following structure:

Case Study Assignment Format

A case study assignment includes the following sections:

The following example of a case study assignment depicts the sections stated above. You can find more case study templates and our expert assignment help on writing an effective case study on our website. Our experts will provide you with a step by step guide to writing a case study assignment.

Case Study Assignment Format

Article Review Assignment Format

The format of a review paper includes:

The college students are expected to use a standardized referencing system such as APA, AMA, MLA, Chicago etc. Each section has an appropriate word count associated with it and students have to maintain that. Consider the template of a literature review format given below.

Article Review Assignment Format

Reflective Journal Assignment Format

Reflective journal assignments are of various types such as peer reviews, essays, journal, long book or learning diary. Each journal entry includes the given sections:

Below you can find an example of a learning journal entry in which the author is presenting their weekly reflection. Read carefully and go through the numbered points and always consider them while writing a reflective assignment.

Reflective Journal Assignment Format

Annotated Bibliography Format

The annotated bibliography comprises two elements: the citation and annotation. The citation part is formatted according to the referencing format suggested by your university professors such as MLA or APA . The annotation part is a summary of 100-300 words about the source. Here is an example of an annotated bibliography written in MLA style.

Annotated Bibliography Format

Tips on Formatting Assignments Accurately

Also Read: How to Write a Perfect Assignment?

Need Help with college assignment formats & structure?

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How to Write an Assignment: Structure and Writing Hints

Updated 05 Dec 2022

Table of contents

What Steps Should Each Student Take to Write an Assignment?

Assignment writing template structure example, introduction / intro paragraph, body paragraphs, what to include and how to write assignment outline, 10 expert tips for writing an assignment, just a little bit of help from writing experts.

No matter what kind of assignment one should write as a student, it always involves certain structure and requirements. It’s no wonder that some of us may find it difficult to cope with all formatting rules and grading rubrics. Knowing how to write an assignment right is not as complex as it may seem when you understand each part of the task! From Introduction and Body Paragraphs to Thesis statement and Conclusion, writing assignments have elements that easily tell well-written assignment from poor text.

Turning to our expert writers at EduBirdie, we have compiled checklist of things that student should mind while working on assignment. Check each part to realize that even complex writing assignments are not that bad anymore!

The most important thing is careful planning. While each university student may have personal rules, basic structure should always include:

Following these simple steps, students will have basic assignment structure that meets requirements, provides with tips to continue work. To get an idea of classic paper style and assignment format, let’s see writing template. Read into each bullet point while working step-by-step to know more about writing.

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Connect with our top writers and receive an assignment crafted to your needs.

Even though each type of written paper requires its own structure and rules to be followed, we have prepared classic structure that will meet requirements most of the time. Firstly, it’s required to understand how to write an introduction for an assignment.

Outline is what basically tells how to start an assignment by providing structure and layout that fit within required rules. In outline student should enclose:

Unless specified otherwise in Outline instructions, keep it within 1-2 pages. Majority of universities provide students with templates, yet in those cases when professor asks to write reflection paper, you are left to your own consideration.

Most university students avoid turning to help centres as they often start working with essays late at night or when deadlines are already around the corner. Still, even the best students need an assignment help when search for academic sources becomes a problem. Sometimes you have essay due, but do not even know how to start an assignment or feel uncertain about formatting rules. What should student do and is there a person who can help 24/7?

At EduBirdie, we provide solutions to all these student challenges and even more. Browse the list of expert writers that can be filtered by subject, credentials, and list of works completed. If writer fits requirements, share written task details and communicate with writer directly, like " write my assignment for me , please". Providing transparency at every stage of work, be assured that you ae in control of your task.

From assistance in choosing of topic to finding good sources or proofreading paper for logic and structure, writing experts at EduBirdie can help immediately after you choose suitable writer. With Masters and PhD degrees of writers in our team, you can expect 100% plagiarism-free work that meets guidelines of even the most demanding tasks like hnd assignment help . Don’t risk your future and live in anxiety when the assignment writing service can help you achieve the best!

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10 Tips on How to Write an Assignment for University

The type of writing intended in assignments for university differs widely from the assignments at school or college. University assignments follow a significant structure and writing pattern that has no similarity to the ones that has been done previously. The assignments are written in persuasive language with a formal tone. Each assignment should be presented with an argument, supported by adequate evidences and facts that reflect the genuine efforts of the student. Here are some good assignment writing tips .

Types of University Assignments

Academic projects in university encompass wide range of assignments. Students are expected to encounter each of the different types of university assignments throughout the period of post graduation degree.The various types of university assignments are considered in details below:

Important factors to consider

Writing an academic assignment for university is not an easy task as it seems. The students should consider the following key points while writing the university assignments:

10 Tricks to Write your University Assignments Effectively

It is not surprising that students new to university feel hesitant while writing their first assignment. However, a successful assignment can be produced on knowing what is expected from the given task. Needless to say, well-written assignments cannot be crafted overnight; rather it needs to be accomplished through proper planning and pre-writing stages. We highlight 10 good assignment writing tips to carry out your assignments for university.

1. Plan your time

Preparing top-quality assignments is a time-consuming task. Draw a timeline for the key stages in order to make your task measurable. Frame significant time period for each of the tasks shown below: The key tasks that should be included in the timeline are the following:

Moreover, you can save considerable time by planning the assignments as soon you receive the course information.

2. Collect information

A good way to start gathering information for the given task is to revisit your tutorial or lecture notes and course materials. While searching for information, make sure to find the key concepts, principles, ideas andtheories that would relate well to the assignment topic. We help you extend your research beyond the tutorials and lecture notes in the following ways:

3. Read the collected information

Read and make notes while you prepare to write the assignment. Keep in mind the information you are looking for and the purpose of it. Do not indulge in undirected reading that not only consumes time but also keep you away from productive activities. Here we focus on some basic tips that will help you manage your reading load and assist you in making notes.

4. Make notes

5. Interpret the topic or assignment questions

Try to interpret the complex questions of your assignments in the following ways.

6. Establish the thesis statement

Thesis statement defines the goal statement of the assignment . A thesis statementis the central proposition of the assignment that successfully captures the reader’s attention.

7. Start with Introduction

Introduction is the key aspect that leads the reader into further discussion. Follow the below mentioned points in order to make the introduction concise with precise focus on the issue.

8. Discussion

After outlining the assignment in the introduction part, make your way to construct a cohesive discussion. Arrange all necessary points in a logical order by following the direction given below.

9. Write the conclusion

The conclusion tells the reader where the assignment has arrived. In university assignments, the conclusion should not be more than one-tenth of the overall count. Your assignment conclusion should have the following features:

10. Referencing

Unlike assignments that were done in high school and college, references play asignificant role in university assignments.The primary concern of reference is to acknowledge the source of information and ideas in the body of assignment. Let’s throw some light on the technique of referencing in assignments for university.

In-text referencing appears on the body of assignments with authors and date entries of the source, while on the contrary, end-text referencing appears at the end of the writing section.

Make your university assignments from MyAssignmenthelp.com

MyAssignmenthelp.com provides a methodical approach to your university assignments from planning the writing process till editing. We are a source of relief for thousands of university students who struggle with their assignments nightlong. MyAssignmenthelp.com is regarded as the top online assignment help provider to university students that encompasses broader array of services that include custom essay help , dissertation writing services and university coursework. If you need assignment help , upload your assignments and get best assignment help now.

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Southwestern University announces its 2021–2026 Tactical Plan.

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From Granada to Salamanca to London to New York, four Southwestern students recall their time abroad and away and how the experiences enriched their lives and even led to a job offer.

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The Golden Pirates Esports team is producing more than just a competitive group of gamers. They are building a community.

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The Justice, Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion (JEDI) Center fosters an inclusive and equitable environment for Southwestern students.

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Assistant Director for Outdoor Adventure Branndon Bargo took a group of students on a caving adventure.

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The Black Student Union offers a space for Southwestern’s Black students to gather as a community.

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The Counseling Center seeks to eliminate the stigma surrounding assistance for mental health.

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Southwestern University has partnered with Grupo Salinas and Centro Richard B. Salinas Pliego to create two new scholarships for high school students in Mexico.

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A group of Southwestern students took their devised theater play, The G.H.O.S.T. Unit: The Live Event, to the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.

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A group of students spent their Fall Break at Captain’s Camp.

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Sept. 13, the entire SU community came together to build community during  SUnity Day.

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Southwestern University rose 13 places in   U.S. News & World Report’s 2023   Best Colleges   rankings—the biggest single-year jump in school history—and SU was also recognized as a top school in the Social Mobility category, which measures how well schools graduated students who received federal Pell Grants.

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Check out these photos from the fashion show and gala.

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Check out photos from the Class of 2022 Hall of Fame luncheon.

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Assistant professor of biology strives to restore and protect Southwestern’s EcoLab.

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Head Men’s Soccer Coach, Dustin Norman, reached out to Facilities Management after the February 2023 winter ice storm to see how his team could help. 

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The Paideia Connections class that wrapped in the fall of 2022 explored engaging topics and planted a community garden.

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Scholars and artists will explore Radical Imagination at Southwestern’s Brown Symposium.

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A recognized leader in building successful athletics programs, Ken Ralph will join Southwestern University as athletic director effective Sept. 15.

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Check out the sights of Sprog 2022

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The University received a record 5,557 applications for 420 first-year spots.

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SU is one of 209 schools chosen for this list.

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The applied mathematician and Southwestern alumna will address the graduating class.

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Southwestern University shows a dedication to including green spaces on campus as they have proven to benefit students.

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Feb. 23, the entire SU community came together to build community during the inaugural SUnity Day.

This initiative was announced in October 2021 as part of a $1 million commitment from an anonymous donor in honor of their mother, a lifelong educator, in order to allow more Southwestern students to benefit from high impact experiences as outlined in the Tactical Plan.

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A journey from Nigeria to the Midwest to head track and field coach at Southwestern.

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This funding will allow Southwestern faculty members to pursue various research projects.

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SU celebrates five campus community members with the 2022 Mundy Awards and recognizes those who have achieved milestone anniversaries with the University.

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Check out the highlights from this year’s SOAR Summit.

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Business graduate brings an innovative floral company to the marketplace.

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Fifty years ago, Title IX was signed into law. The landmark legislation transformed women’s athletics. We look back at our history and pioneers as we continue to strive for equity in all we do.

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Emma Astad ’21 will teach English in Galicia, Spain.

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Catherine Hiebel ’22 and Melina Boutris ’22 will teach English in Spain and Austria, respectively.

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What happens when you start a devised theater project with three Southwestern University students and the Anton Checkov play, The Cherry Orchard? You end up with a nationally recognized production called G.H.O.S.T. Unit: The Live Event.

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STARS, the Sustainability Tracking, Assessment & Rating System measures and encourages sustainability in all aspects of higher education.

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Tracie Shelton ’91 turns her passion for lifelong learning into lifelong success.

Student Resources for Writing

Writing different types of assignments.

Your best resource for questions about assignments is your professor.  However, here are a few links that discuss some common types of assignments.  Please remember that these are just guides, and that each assignment is different.

 Abstract  – The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Writing Center  

Annotated Bibliography  – The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Writing Center 

Autobiographical Reflection  – The Writing Studio at Duke University 

Business Letter  – The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Writing Center

Close Reading  - Harvard College Writing Center, Harvard University 

Critique  –The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Writing Center

Ethnography  – The Writing Studio at Duke University 

Film Review  – The Writing Studio at Duke University 

Formal Analysis and Comparative Analysis  (Art History) - The Undergraduate Writing Center at The University of Texas, Austin 

Grant Proposal  – The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Writing Center  

Lab Report  - Texas A&M University Writing Center

Literature Review  – The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Writing Center 

Oral History  – The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Writing Center 

Policy Memo  – The Writing Studio at Duke University

Response Paper  – The Writing Studio at Duke University 

Summary  –The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Writing Center 

Synthesis  – Writing Center of Princeton

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  2. Academic Phrasebank

    The Academic Phrasebank is a general resource for academic writers. It aims to provide you with examples of some of the phraseological 'nuts and bolts' of writing organised according to the main sections of a research paper or dissertation (see the top menu ).

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    The first stage in producing a good assignment is to have a clear understanding of the assignment question. This tip sheet is intended to be a quick guide to the most common assignment tasks you are asked to do. Please make sure you also read carefully your assignment briefing documents and check with your lecturer if you are in any doubt.

  4. Glossary of Task Words

    Answering assignment questions Glossary of Task Words Understanding the meaning of words, especially task words, helps you to know exactly what is being asked of you. It takes you halfway towards narrowing down your material and selecting your answer. Task words direct you and tell you how to go about answering a question.

  5. PDF Writing Your Assignment

    is right or wrong, so write the assignment in whichever order feels best for you. The introduction might be up to around 10% of the word count (e.g. up to 200 words for a 2000 word assignment). Don't forget your conclusion At the end of the assignment, you need to summarise the key points you've made. You won't be introducing

  6. Understanding Assignments

    Here are some common key words and definitions to help you think about assignment terms: Information words Ask you to demonstrate what you know about the subject, such as who, what, when, where, how, and why. define —give the subject's meaning (according to someone or something).

  7. 5 tips on writing better university assignments

    Examples include Blackboard, Moodle, Canvas and iLearn. Research shows students who use their LMS more frequently tend to obtain higher final grades. If after scrolling through your LMS you still...

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    These words give structure to the whole, helping you to organise your ideas and assist the reader in understanding them. Below is a handy list of words that are both useful and appropriate to academic language. Describing similarities Likewise Correspondingly Equally Not only… but also In the same way Similarly Showing cause and effect Consequently

  9. What Are Good Sentence Starters for Essays?

    The words that start a sentence are some of the most important in writing: They introduce what the sentence is about so the reader knows what to expect. In longer academic writing texts, sentence starters are essential for unifying the entire work.

  10. Words to use in an assignment free sample

    Using Appropriate Words in an Academic Assignment. Main Considerations When Working on Your College Paper. It is important to think carefully about the choice of words while developing an academic essay. Needless to say, with the help of the words to use in an assignment, you will have a better chance to submit an A+ paper.

  11. How to Read an Assignment

    Assignments usually ask you to demonstrate that you have immersed yourself in the course material and that you've done some thinking on your own; questions not treated at length in class often serve as assignments. Fortunately, if you've put the time into getting to know the material, then you've almost certainly begun thinking independently. In responding to assignments, keep in mind the ...

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    Word limits and word count guidelines . Word limits support the development of concise writing skills. Word count guidelines help you to understand the expectation of workload for an assessment. For more detailed information about these go to: Word limits and word count guidelines

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    Use our resources to develop your writing style, assignment structure and understanding of key words. You'll submit written assignments throughout your studies. This might include essays, bibliographies, literary reviews and reports depending on your course. These pages cover some of the skills you'll use during your written assignments.

  14. PDF A short guide to understanding your assignments

    A short guide to understanding your assignments 5 Example: Directive or task words It is really important to understand the directive or task word used in your assignment. This will indicate how you should write and what the purpose of the assignment is. The table on the next page shows some examples of task words and their definitions.

  15. How to write better university assignments

    Another option is the Writefull app, which does a similar job without having to use an online browser. 5. Edit and proofread. If you're typing the last paragraph of the assignment ten minutes before the deadline, you will be missing a very important step in the writing process: editing and proofreading your text.

  16. How to write a Report for University Assignment

    Writing a Report for a University Assignment: The Basic Structure A title page, summary, table of contents, introduction, main body, conclusion and recommendations, references, and appendices are all common steps of reports. Read the brief descriptions below to better understand these stages. The Title Page

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    Introduction. The first step in completing an assignment is ensuring that you understand what is expected. Assignment instructions can sometimes contain language that is unfamiliar, especially if you have been out of school for a while. For help navigating this language, consult our guide to writing terms below.

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    While each university student may have personal rules, basic structure should always include: Studying grading rubric, understanding formatting as well as word count limits Finding good assignment or dissertation topics unless it is specified. Finding sufficient, reliable sources to support arguments. Choosing strong thesis topic.

  21. 10 Tips on How to Write an Assignment for University

    We highlight 10 good assignment writing tips to carry out your assignments for university. 1. Plan your time Preparing top-quality assignments is a time-consuming task. Draw a timeline for the key stages in order to make your task measurable.

  22. Writing Different Types of Assignments

    However, here are a few links that discuss some common types of assignments. Please remember that these are just guides, and that each assignment is different. Abstract - The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Writing Center. Annotated Bibliography - The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Writing Center.

  23. What is another word for assignment

    Synonyms for assignment include job, charge, task, duty, mission, commission, responsibility, work, business and chore. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com!